Human RealStain Fc Block Solution

Product No.: R5151

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Product Type
Cytrometry Workflow Solutions
Alternate Names
Fc Blocker, FcγR blocker, Fc inhibitor

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Product Details

Sterile filtered PBS and does not contain any preservatives.
Storage and Handling
Store between 2-8°C.
Country of Origin


Many cell types such as monocytes, granulocytes, B cells and dendritic cells express Fc receptors (FcRs) on their surfaces (Table 1). FcR-mediated IgFc binding can negatively affect the results of immunofluorescent staining by reducing the separation of negative and positive cell populations during flow cytometric analysis. In immunohistochemistry staining, the Fc interactions with FcR can be the cause of high fluorescent background levels. The advantage of using a Fc blocking reagent which has been investigated and shown to be effective in blocking Fc-FcR interactions is higher resolution and therefore, more accurate results. Isotype controls were widely accepted previously as a necessary and useful part of flow cytometry experiments. However, isotype controls have lost scientific consensus for use in flow cytometry and have become less reliable due to their inability to mitigate every concern associated with undesirable antibody behavior. Fc Blocking reagents have also shown higher efficacy in background reduction compared to serum because of the lot to lot consistency.

RealStain, Leino's purified Fc Block solution was carefully engineered with the optimal ratio of non-specific murine IgG isotype control molecules to efficiently and completely block human Fc receptors during cell staining thus helping prevent false negative or false positive results. RealStain Fc block solution can be used to avoid undesired non-specific staining of primary antibodies. Human RealStain Fc Block IS NOT compatible with using Anti-murine secondary conjugates because it contains murine isotype control antibodies.

RealStain was tested on U937 cells which are know to have FcγRI (CD64), FcγRII (CD32), and FcγRIII (CD16) receptors. To examine the ability RealStain to block these Fc receptors, an anti-CD5 APC antibody, which would not bind specifically through its Fab to U937 cells, was used.

Human RealStain Fc Block is compatible with flow cytometric staining with anti-human CD16 (clone 3G8) and CD64 (clone 10.1) antibodies.

Directions for Use
Add 5 µl of Human RealStain Fc Block Solution per million cells in 100 µl staining volume, mix and incubate at room temperature for 5-10 minutes prior to staining with the antibody of interest. It is not necessary to wash cells between these blocking and immunostaining steps.
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.

Related Protocols

Flow Cytometry
Disclaimer AlertProducts are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.