Anti-Human CD20 (Obinutuzumab) – APC

Anti-Human CD20 (Obinutuzumab) – APC

Product No.: LT907

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Product No.LT907
Clone
GA101
Target
CD20
Product Type
Biosimilar Recombinant Human Monoclonal Antibody
Alternate Names
Obinutuzumab, CD20, MS4A1
Isotype
Human IgG1κ
Applications
ELISA
,
FC

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Antibody Details

Product Details

Reactive Species
Human
Expression Host
HEK-293 Cells
Immunogen
Human lymphoblastoid cell line SB.
Product Concentration
0.2 mg/ml
Formulation
This Allophycocyanin (APC) conjugate is formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.4, 1% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide as a preservative.
State of Matter
Liquid
Storage and Handling
This Allophycocyanin (APC) conjugate is stable when stored at 2-8°C. Do not freeze.
Regulatory Status
Research Use Only (RUO). Non-Therapeutic.
Country of Origin
USA
Shipping
2-8°C Wet Ice
Excitation Laser
Red Laser (650 nm)
Applications and Recommended Usage?
Quality Tested by Leinco
FC,
ELISA
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.

Description

Specificity
Obinutuzumab (GA101) activity is directed against human CD20.
Antigen Distribution
CD20 is a general B cell marker expressed by the majority of normal B cells in all stages of their development as well as by most B cell malignancies.
Background
CD20 is a nonglycosylated 33-37 kDa phosphoprotein member of the MS4A family which is widely expressed on normal B cell surfaces during all stages of development as well as by most B cell malignancies1,2. The biological role of CD20 remains poorly understood; however, it is thought to be involved in calcium ion influx. CD20 has no natural ligand and is not immediately internalized upon antibody binding. Thus, mAbs directed against CD20 depend on the recruitment of a host response. Anti-CD20 mAbs bind to the 44 amino acid extracellular portion.

Obinutuzumab (GA101) is a new generation, type II, anti-CD20 antibody2. Obinutuzumab was humanized by grafting the complementarity-determining sequences of murine IgG1-κ antibody B-Ly1 onto human VH and VL acceptor frameworks3. The Fc segment was glycoengineered to attach bisected, complex, nonfucosylated oligosaccharides to asparagine 297, leading to increased affinity to FcgRIII.

Obinutuzumab causes homotypic adhesion4,5,6, induces direct cell death via largely caspase-independent mechanisms4,6,7,8,9, does not localize into lipid rafts4,10,11, displays half-maximal CD20 binding at saturating conditions7, and displays minimal complement dependent cytotoxicity7.

Compared to rituximab, obinutuzumab recognizes a distinct but overlapping CD20 epitope, in a different orientation that results in increased pro-apoptotic potential12,13,14. A modified elbow-hinge residue, characterized by a leucine to valine mutation at Kabat position 11, is key to superior phosphatidylserine exposure and cell death relative to rituximab3.

Antigen Details

Ligand/Receptor
Src family tyrosine kinases, MHC class I, II, CD53, CD81, CD82
PubMed
NCBI Gene Bank ID
UniProt.org
Research Area
Biosimilars
.
Cancer
.
Immunology
.
Oncology

References & Citations

1. Middleton O, Wheadon H, Michie AM. Classical Complement Pathway. In MJH Ratcliffe (Ed.), Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences Encyclopedia of Immunobiology Volume 2 (pp. 318-324). Elsevier. 2016.
2. Freeman CL, Sehn LH. Br J Haematol. 182(1):29-45. 2018.
3. Mössner E, Brünker P, Moser S, et al. Blood. 115(22):4393-4402. 2010.
4. Chan HT, Hughes D, French RR, et al. Cancer Res. 63(17):5480-5489. 2003.
5. Ivanov A, Beers SA, Walshe CA, et al. J Clin Invest. 119(8):2143-2159. 2009.
6. Alduaij W, Ivanov A, Honeychurch J, et al. Blood. 117(17):4519-4529. 2011.
7. Herter S, Herting F, Mundigl O, et al. Mol Cancer Ther. 12(10):2031-2042. 2013.
8. Honeychurch J, Alduaij W, Azizyan M, et al. Blood. 119(15):3523-3533. 2012.
9. Golay J, Zaffaroni L, Vaccari T, et al. Blood. 95(12):3900-3908. 2000.
10. Cragg MS, Morgan SM, Chan HT, et al. Blood. 101(3):1045-1052. 2003.
11. Cragg MS, Glennie MJ. Blood. 103(7):2738-2743. 2004.
12. Niederfellner G, Lammens A, Mundigl O, et al. Blood. 118(2):358-367. 2011.
13. Klein C, Lammens A, Schäfer W, et al. MAbs. 5(1):22-33. 2013.
14. Könitzer JD, Sieron A, Wacker A, Enenkel B. PLoS One. 10(12):e0145633. 2015.
15. Terszowski G, Klein C, Stern M. J Immunol. 192(12):5618-5624. 2014.
16. Bologna L, Gotti E, Manganini M, et al. J Immunol. 186(6):3762-3769. 2011.
17. Ysebaert L, Laprévotte E, Klein C, Quillet-Mary A. Blood Cancer J. 5(11):e367. 2015.
18. Cartron G, Hourcade-Potelleret F, Morschhauser F, et al. Haematologica. 101(2):226-234. 2016.
Indirect Elisa Protocol
Flow Cytometry

Formats Available

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Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.