Anti-Human CTLA-4 (Tremelimumab) – Fc Muted™

Anti-Human CTLA-4 (Tremelimumab) – Fc Muted™

Product No.: C985

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Product No.C985
Clone
CP-675
Target
CTLA-4
Product Type
Biosimilar Recombinant Human Monoclonal Antibody
Alternate Names
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4
Isotype
Human IgG2κ
Applications
B
,
ELISA
,
FA
,
FC

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Select Product Size
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Antibody Details

Product Details

Reactive Species
Human
Expression Host
HEK-293 Cells
FC Effector Activity
Muted
Recommended Isotype Controls
Immunogen
Original antibody generated by immunizing mice with cells expressing Human CTLA-4 recombinantly.
Product Concentration
≥ 5.0 mg/ml
Endotoxin Level
≤ 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
Purity
≥95% by SDS Page
≥95% monomer by analytical SEC
Formulation
This biosimilar antibody is aseptically packaged and formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.2 - 7.4 with no carrier protein, potassium, calcium or preservatives added. Due to inherent biochemical properties of antibodies, certain products may be prone to precipitation over time. Precipitation may be removed by aseptic centrifugation and/or filtration.
State of Matter
Liquid
Product Preparation
Recombinant biosimilar antibodies are manufactured in an animal free facility using only in vitro protein free cell culture techniques and are purified by a multi-step process including the use of protein A or G to assure extremely low levels of endotoxins, leachable protein A or aggregates.
Storage and Handling
Functional grade biosimilar antibodies may be stored sterile as received at 2-8°C for up to one month. For longer term storage, aseptically aliquot in working volumes without diluting and store at -80°C. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles.
Regulatory Status
Research Use Only (RUO). Non-Therapeutic.
Country of Origin
USA
Shipping
2-8°C Wet Ice
Additional Applications Reported In Literature ?
ELISA
B
FA
FC
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.

Description

Specificity
Tremelimumab activity is directed against human and cynomolgus monkey CTLA-4.
Antigen Distribution
CTLA-4 is expressed by T lymphocytes and monocytes.
Background
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is an activation induced, type I transmembrane protein of the Ig superfamily that is expressed as a covalent homodimer 1. CTLA-4 functions as an inhibitory receptor for the costimulatory molecules B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86), inhibiting T cell activation and proliferation as well as IL-2 gene transcription by directly inhibiting TCR signal transduction.

Immune checkpoint blockade of CTLA-4 is a well-established treatment for cancer 2. Since CTLA-4 inhibits T cell activation, blocking CTLA-4 function enhances T cell activation as well as the immune response. Additionally, tremelimumab activity enhances the production of interleukin-2 and interferon-γ in human T cell blasts stimulated with B7-positive Raji cells. Tremelimumab also stimulates upregulation of the Th1/Th2 pathway, activates the Th17 pathway, and reduces expression of genes involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis, and cancer stemness. The mechanism of action includes antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity.

Tremelimumab was generated by recombinant DNA technology using engineered XenoMice 1. Tremelimumab binds to CTLA-4 and blocks interaction with its ligands B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86), thereby activating an enhanced T cell response against tumors 2. Additionally, tremelimumab inhibits binding of CTLA-4-Ig to immobilized B7.1 and B7.2. In vitro, binding of tremelimumab to CTLA-4 is >500 fold more selective than for human CD28-Ig, B7.2-Ig and IgG1. Tremelimumab does not initiate a nonspecific cytokine release or bind to Fc receptors 1. Additionally, tremelimumab activity is mainly mediated by direct activation of T effector cells rather than by affecting T regulatory cells 3.

Tremelimumab has been tested in a variety of therapeutic trials, including for hepatocellular, non-small cell lung, small cell lung, urothelial, biliary tract, thyroid, renal, gastrointestinal, and cervical cancers 2. Tremelimumab has been approved for use in the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma and some metastatic non-small cell lung cancers.

Antigen Details

Ligand/Receptor
CD80 (B7-1) & CD86 (B7-2)
NCBI Gene Bank ID
UniProt.org
Research Area
Immunology
.
Inhibitory Molecules

References & Citations

1. Ribas A, Hanson DC, Noe DA, et al. Oncologist. 12(7):873-883. 2007.
2. Keam SJ. Drugs. 83(1):93-102. 2023.
3. Khan S, Burt DJ, Ralph C, et al. Clin Immunol. 138(1):85-96. 2011.
4. Hanson DC, Canniff PC, Primiano MJ, et al. Cancer Res. 64(7 Suppl):877. 2004.
5. Ribas A, Camacho LH, Lopez-Berestein G, et al. J Clin Oncol. 23(35):8968-8977. 2005.
6. Comin-Anduix B, Lee Y, Jalil J, et al. J Transl Med. 6:22. 2008.
7. von Euw E, Chodon T, Attar N, et al. J Transl Med. 7:35. 2009.
8. Ribas A, Benz MR, Allen-Auerbach MS, et al. J Nucl Med. 51(3):340-346. 2010.
9. Suarez N, Alfaro C, Dubrot J, et al. Int J Cancer. 129(2):374-386. 2011.
10. Cheng L, Creasy T, Pilataxi F, et al. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 71(5):1167–1181. 2022.
B
Indirect Elisa Protocol
FA
Flow Cytometry

Formats Available

Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.