Anti-Human LAG-3 (Relatimab) – Fc Muted™

Anti-Human LAG-3 (Relatimab) – Fc Muted™

Product No.: L345

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Product No.L345
Product Type
Biosimilar Recombinant Human Monoclonal Antibody
Alternate Names
Lymphocyte-activation gene 3. CD223
Human IgG4κ

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Antibody Details

Product Details

Reactive Species
Expression Host
HEK-293 Cells
FC Effector Activity
Human LAG-3
Product Concentration
≥ 5.0 mg/ml
Endotoxin Level
≤ 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
≥95% by SDS Page
≥95% monomer by analytical SEC
This biosimilar antibody is aseptically packaged and formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.2 - 7.4 with no carrier protein, potassium, calcium or preservatives added. Due to inherent biochemical properties of antibodies, certain products may be prone to precipitation over time. Precipitation may be removed by aseptic centrifugation and/or filtration.
State of Matter
Product Preparation
Recombinant biosimilar antibodies are manufactured in an animal free facility using only in vitro protein free cell culture techniques and are purified by a multi-step process including the use of protein A or G to assure extremely low levels of endotoxins, leachable protein A or aggregates.
Storage and Handling
Functional grade biosimilar antibodies may be stored sterile as received at 2-8°C for up to one month. For longer term storage, aseptically aliquot in working volumes without diluting and store at -80°C. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles.
Regulatory Status
Research Use Only (RUO). Non-Therapeutic.
Country of Origin
2-8°C Wet Ice
Additional Applications Reported In Literature ?
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.


Relatlimab activity is directed against human LAG-3. Relatlimab also binds cynomolgus monkey LAG-3 but with lower affinity relative to the human homolog.
Antigen Distribution
LAG-3 is a surface molecule expressed by many T cell subsets (CD4 T helper cells, cytotoxic CD8 T cells, activated T cells, NK T cells, effector CD4 T cells, regulatory T cells, CD8 tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and tumor infiltrating antigen specific CD8 T cells) as well as by natural killer cells, B cells, natural regulatory plasma cells, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, and neurons.
LAG-3 (CD223) is an immune inhibitory receptor in activated T cells that inhibits T cell activation and proliferation, immune function, cytokine secretion, effector functions, and T cell homeostasis1. LAG-3 functions by down-modulating TCR:CD3 intercellular signal transduction cascades and calcium fluxes in the immunological synapse. LAG-3 inhibitory activities are mediated by its ligands: major histocompatibility complex class II, galectin-3, liver secreted protein fibrinogen-like protein 1, and DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin family member. Some of these LAG-3 ligand combinations are responsible for tumor immune evasion mechanisms1 and LAG-3 is considered an aggressive progression marker in several hematological and solid tumor malignancies2. As such, LAG-3 is a target of cancer immunotherapy.

Relatlimab is the first anti-LAG-3 monoclonal antibody to be clinically developed1. It was generated using proprietary transgenic mice having human immunoglobulin miniloci in an endogenous IgH and Igκ knockout background3. The mice were immunized with recombinant human LAG-3-Fc protein, consisting of the LAG-3 extracellular domain (Leu23-Leu450) fused to the Fc portion of human IgG1. Hybridomas were generated by fusing spleen cells with P3×63Ag8.653 myeloma cells and screened for reactivity to hLAG-3-hFc. Clone 25F7 was chosen for grafting onto human κ and IgG4 constant region sequences, expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and sequence optimized. The S228P stabilizing hinge was incorporated into the resulting antibody to prevent Fab-arm exchange. The binding epitope was experimentally determined to be in the N-terminal D1 insertion loop domain of LAG-3 within the H63-W70 peptide sequence.

Relatlimab binds to the LAG-3 receptor, blocking interaction with its ligands3 and consequently promotes T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion3, 4. Relatlimab depletes leukemic cells and restores T cell and NK cell-mediated immune responses in vitro5. Relatlimab has also been developed as a combination therapy with an anti-PD-1 antibody for increased T cell activation and anti-tumor effects4.

Antigen Details

MHCII & Fibrinogen-like protein1 FGL1
NCBI Gene Bank ID
Research Area

References & Citations

1. Chocarro L, Bocanegra A, Blanco E, et al. Cells. 11(15):2351. 2022.
2. Long L, Zhang X, Chen F, et al. Genes Cancer. 9(5-6):176-189. 2018.
3. Thudium K, Selby M, Zorn JA, et al. Cancer Immunol Res. 10(10):1175-1189. 2022.
4. Paik J. Drugs. 82(8):925-931. 2022.
5. Sordo-Bahamonde C, Lorenzo-Herrero S, González-Rodríguez AP, et al. Cancers (Basel). 13(9):2112. 2021.
Indirect Elisa Protocol

Formats Available

Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.