Human GM-CSF ELISA Development Kit contains the key components required for the quantitative measurement of natural and/or recombinant GM-CSF in a sandwich ELISA format. Using the ELISA protocol described below, this kit provides sufficient reagents to assay GM-CSF in approximately 1500 ELISA plate wells.
1.) Capture Antibody
2.) Detection Antibody
5.) TMB Liquid Substrate "Ready to Use"
Other Materials and Solutions Required
Additional Required Materials
ELISA microplates (Thermo Fisher Cat. # 456529)
BSA (Sigma Cat. # A-7030)
Dulbecco’s PBS (DPBS) [10x] (Leinco Product No. D388)
Stop Solution: 450 nm Stop Reagent for TMB Microwell (Leinco Product No. T125)
PBS: dilute 10xPBS to 1xPBS, pH 7.2, in sterile water
Wash Buffer: 0.05% Tween-20 in PBS (Leinco Product No. W101)
Reagent Diluent: 1.0% BSA in PBS*
Blocking Buffer 1.0% BSA in PBS (Leinco Product No. B395)
Note: Other acceptable blocking buffers such as Leinco's Ultra-FISH Block (Leinco Product No. B396) or Ultra-Sythetic Block (Leinco Product No. B397) may be used for assay optimization.
Some of the required components may contain acid and/or cause allergic reactions. Breathing in product mist or fumes should be avoided. Wear protective gloves, clothing, eye, and face protection. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Please refer to the MSDS on our website prior to use.
Mouse Anti-Human GM-CSF Capture Antibody: Centrifuge vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in 0.5 mL sterile PBS. Refer to the lot-specific datasheet for amount supplied and dilute in PBS without carrier protein to the working concentration indicated on the C of A. Following reconstitution the capture antibody may be stored at 2 – 8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage, it is recommended to aliquot into working volumes and store at -70°C in a manual defrost freezer. Avoid repeated freeze and thaw cycles.
Biotin Detection Antibody
Biontinylated Mouse Anti-Human GM-CSF Detection Antibody: Refer to the lot-specific datasheet for amount supplied. Centrifuge vial prior to opening. Reconstitute with 1.0 mL of Reagent Diluent. Dilute in Reagent Diluent to the working concentration indicated on the C of A. Detection antibodies may be stored at 2 – 8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage, it is recommended to aliquot into working volumes and store at -70°C in a manual defrost the freezer. Avoid repeated freeze and thaw cycles.
Recombinant Human GM-CSF Standard: Centrifuge vial prior to opening. Reconstitute each vial with 0.5 mL of deionized or distilled water. Refer to the lot-specific datasheet for amount supplied. The rProtein may be stored at 2 – 8°C for one (1) month or aliquoted and stored at -70°C for up to three months in a manual defrost freezer. Avoid repeated freeze and thaw cycles.
TMB Liquid Substrate "Ready to Use" (TMB Substrate should be at ambient temperature prior to use): 60.0 mL of TMB HRP Microwell Substrate Standard Kinetic One Component "Ready Use" (Leinco Product No. T118) is provided. The high quality of the substrate can be preserved by storing at temperatures between 2 – 8ºC. When properly stored, TMB Microwell Substrate is stable for a minimum of 48 months from the manufactured date.
1. Dilute the capture antibody to the working concentration in PBS without carrier protein and immediately add 100 μL to each ELISA plate well. Seal the plate and incubate overnight at room temperature.
2. Aspirate the wells to remove liquid and wash the plate 4 times using 300-400 μL of wash buffer per well. Note: We recommend using an autowasher, although a squirt bottle or manifold dispenser would suffice.
3. After the last wash, invert plate to remove residual buffer and blot on paper towel.
4. Add 300 μL block buffer to each well and incubate for at least 1 hour at room temperature.
5. Aspirate and wash plate 4 times.
NOTE: Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential for good performance and sensitivity of assay.
Standard/Sample: Add 100 μL of the working dilution with reagent dilution standard or sample to each well (duplicate recommended). Cover plate with an adhesive plate cover and incubate at room temperature for at least 2 hours.
Detection: Aspirate and wash plate 4 times. Add 100 μL of the detection antibody, diluted in Reagent Diluent to each well. Cover with a new adhesive plate cover and incubate at room temperature for 2 hours.
StreptAvidin-HRP Conjugate: Aspirate and wash plate 4 times. Add 100 μL of the working dilution (the dilution factor may require optimization) to each well. Cover and incubate at room temperature for 20-30 minutes. Exposure to direct light should be avoided.
TMB Liquid Substrate: Aspirate and wash plate 4 times. Add 100 μL of TMB HRP Microwell Substrate Standard Kinetic One Component "Ready Use" (Leinco Product No. T118) to each well. Incubate at room temperature for 20-30 minutes and monitor color development. Exposure to direct light should be avoided.
Stop Solution: Add 50-100 μL of Stop Solution (Leinco Product No. T125) to each well. Monitor color development with an ELISA plate reader at 450 nm with wavelength correction set at 540 nm or 570 nm.
Human GM-CSF ELISA development kit is designed for the quantitative measurement within the range of 32-3000 pg/ml of natural or recombinant GM-CSF. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor is a 22 kD, pleiotropic cytokine that is a white blood cell growth factor. It controls the production and function of blood cells by stimulating stem cells to produce granulocytes and monocytes. GM-CSF differs from G-CSF in that it affects more cell types including macrophages and eosinophils. Moreover, GM-CSF is part of the immune/inflammatory cascade, a process crucial for fighting infection. Interestingly, GM-CSF expression may have pathological implications. Autocrine expression of GM-CSF in myeloid leukemia cells is suspected to play a role in neoplasia, the formation of a new and abnormal growth of tissue. Additionally, GM-CSF expression has also been documented in certain solid tumors. There have also been reports of GM-CSF in synovial fluid from patients with arthritis suggesting that GM-CSF may play a role in tissue damage associated with the inflammatory process. Blocking GM-CSF is thought to have therapeutic potential by reducing inflammation. Some drugs are currently being developed to block GM-CSF. Applications include Sandwich ELISA. The term “sandwich” stems from the protein target being bound between two antibodies. The primary antibody is coated to the wells of the microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells, which bind to the immobilized primary antibody. The secondary antibody is added, binding to the primary antibody/target protein complex forming the “sandwich”. Using the provided ELISA protocol, this kit provides sufficient reagents to assay GM-CSF in approximately 1500 ELISA plate wells.
References & Citations
1. Parker, MW. et al. (2008) Cell 134: 496
2. Whitsett, JA. et al. (2002) Annual Review of Physiology 64: 775
Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.