FC Effector Activity
≤ 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
This Allophycocyanin (APC) conjugate is formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.4, 1% BSA and 0.09% sodium azide as a preservative.
Storage and Handling
This Allophycocyanin (APC) conjugate is stable when stored at 2-8°C. Do not freeze.
Research Use Only (RUO). Non-Therapeutic.
Country of Origin
Red Laser (650 nm)
Applications and Recommended Usage?
Quality Tested by Leinco
FC The suggested concentration for Nivolumab biosimilar antibody for staining cells in flow cytometry is ≤ 1.0 μg per 106 cells in a volume of 100 μl. Titration of the reagent is recommended for optimal performance for each application.
Other Applications Reported In Literature ?
Additional Reported Applications For Relevant Conjugates ?
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.
This non-therapeutic biosimilar antibody uses the same variable region sequence as the therapeutic antibody Nivolumab. Clone 5C4.B8 binds to the extracellular portion of Human/Cynomolgus PD-1 and does not bind to other IgG superfamily proteins. This product is for research use only.
PD-1 is expressed on a subset of CD4-CD8- thymocytes, and on activated T and B cells.
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is a protein on the surface of cells that plays a role in the maintenance of self-tolerance. PD-1 promotes self-tolerance via the down-regulation of the immune system which results in the suppression of T cell inflammatory activity. PD-L1 and PD-L2 are the two ligands known to bind PD-1. PD-L1 has increased expression in several cancers.1 PD-L2 has a more limited expression and is primarily expressed by dendritic cells and only some tumor lines. Inhibition of the interaction of PD-1 with its ligands can function as an immune checkpoint blockade through the improvement of In vitro T-cell responses and via the mediation of anti-tumor activity.2 Nivolumab disrupts the negative signal that is responsible for T-cell activation and proliferation by binding to PD-1 on activated immune cells to selectively block the interaction of the PD-1 receptor with its ligands.3 Emerging research suggests that combined blockade of PD-1 and CTLA-4, with nivolumab and ipilimumab respectively, could produce greater antitumor activity than blockade of either pathway alone.4 This cost-effective, research-grade Anti-Human CD279 (PD-1) (Nivolumab) utilizes the same variable regions from the therapeutic antibody Nivolumab making it ideal for research projects.
PD-L1 and PD-L2
NCBI Gene Bank ID
References & Citations
1. Minato, N. et al. (2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 99(19): 12293–97.
2. Korman, AJ. et al. (2014) Cancer Immunol Res. 2(9):846-56.
3. Li, Y. et al. (2016) MAbs. 8(5):951-60.
4. Wolchok, JD. et al. (2013) N Engl J Med 369(2):122-33.
Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.