C57BL/6 Spleen Cells
≥ 5.0 mg/ml
< 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
≥95% monomer by analytical SEC
>95% by SDS Page
This monoclonal antibody is aseptically packaged and formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.2 - 7.4 with no carrier protein, potassium, calcium or preservatives added. Due to inherent biochemical properties of antibodies, certain products may be prone to precipitation over time. Precipitation may be removed by aseptic centrifugation and/or filtration.
Functional grade preclinical antibodies are manufactured in an animal free facility using only In vitro protein free cell culture techniques and are purified by a multi-step process including the use of protein A or G to assure extremely low levels of endotoxins, leachable protein A or aggregates.
Storage and Handling
Functional grade preclinical antibodies may be stored sterile as received at 2-8°C for up to one month. For longer term storage, aseptically aliquot in working volumes without diluting and store at -80°C. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles.
Country of Origin
Next Day 2-8°C
Applications and Recommended Usage?
Quality Tested by Leinco
FC The suggested concentration for this Clone M5/114.15.2 antibody for staining cells in flow cytometry is ≤ 0.25 μg per 106 cells in a volume of 100 μl. Titration of the reagent is recommended for optimal performance for each application.
Other Applications Reported In Literature ?
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.
Clone M5/114.15.2 recognizes an epitope on the mouse MHC class II molecules I-Ab, I-Ad, I-Aq, I-Ed, and I-Ek. Clone M5/114.15.2 does not react with I-Af, I-Ak, or I-As.
I-Ab/d/q and I-Ed/k are expressed on antigen-presenting cells, including macrophages, monocytes, DCs, and B cells, and activated T cells from mice of the I-Ab/d/q and I-Ed/k haplotypes.
MHC class II antibody, clone M5/114.15.2, recognizes the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules I-Ab, I-Ad, I-Aq, I-Ed, and I-Ek. MHC class II is constitutively expressed on professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), including macrophages/monocytes, dendritic cells (DCs), and B cells, and is induced on T cells upon activation1. MHC class II consists of two transmembrane proteins, a 35 kDa α (heavy) chain and 29 kDa β (light) chain2. The N-terminal α1 and β1 domains form the antigen-binding groove, which binds 13-25 aa peptides derived from exogenous antigens3. On APCs, MHC class II plays a critical role in the adaptive immune response by presenting phagocytosed antigens to helper CD4 T cells. The T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex of CD4 T cells interacts with peptide-MHC class II, which induces CD4 T cell activation leading to the coordination and regulation of other effector cells. CD4 molecules also bind to MHC class II, which helps augment TCR signaling4. It has also been demonstrated that MHC class II express on activated T cells are capable of antigen presentation5 and can transduce signals into T cells, enhancing T cell proliferation and activity6.
NCBI Gene Bank ID
References & Citations
1. Holling TM, et al. (2004) Hum Immunol. 65(4):282-90
2. Mitaksov V & Fremont DH. (2006) J Biol Chem. 281(15):10618-25
3. Wieczorek M, et al. (2017) Front Immunol. 8:292
4. Artyomov MN, et al. (2010) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 107(39):16916-16921
5. Barnaba V, et al. (1994) Eur J Immunol. 24(1):71-5
6. Di Rosa F, et al. (1993) Hum Immunol. 38(4):251-60