This antibody was produced using recombinant mouse TIM-3
≥ 5.0 mg/ml
≤ 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
≥95% monomer by analytical SEC
>95% by SDS Page
This monoclonal antibody is aseptically packaged and formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (150 mM NaCl) PBS pH 7.2 - 7.4 with no carrier protein, potassium, calcium or preservatives added.
Functional grade preclinical antibodies are manufactured in an animal free facility using only In vitro protein free cell culture techniques and are purified by a multi-step process including the use of protein A or G to assure extremely low levels of endotoxins, leachable protein A or aggregates.
Storage and Handling
Functional grade preclinical antibodies may be stored sterile as received at 2-8°C for up to one month. For longer term storage, aseptically aliquot in working volumes without diluting and store at -80°C. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles.
Country of Origin
Next Day 2-8°C
Applications and Recommended Usage?
Quality Tested by Leinco
FC The suggested concentration for CD366 antibody (clone RMT3-23) for staining cells in flow cytometry is ≤ 1.0 μg per 106 cells in a volume of 100 μl or 100μl of whole blood. Titration of the reagent is recommended for optimal performance for each application.
Other Applications Reported In Literature ?
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications. See directions on lot specific datasheets, as information may periodically change.
Clone RMT2-23 recognizes an epitope on mouse Tim-3.
Tim-3 is expressed on activated Th1 and Tc1 lymphocytes, CD11b+ macrophages, Tregs, NK cells, and mast cells.
Tim-3 antibody, clone RMT3-23, recognizes T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM3, also known as CD366), a TIM family member of immunoregulatory proteins. Tim-3 is a 60kDa type I transmembrane protein with an extracellular immunoglobulin and mucin-like domain and a cytoplasmic tyrosine phosphorylation motif. Tim-3 is expressed by IFNg-producing Th1 CD4 and Tc1 (cytotoxic) CD8 T cells1, regulatory T cells (Tregs)2, myeloid cells3, NK cells4, and mast cells5. Tim-3 is an inhibitory molecule that limits Th1-mediated inflammatory diseases, including a model of central nervous system inflammation (experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, EAE)1, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)6, and type I diabetes7. Tim-3 is also proposed to induce immunological tolerance7, promote Th1 apoptosis8, and regulate macrophage activation1. In addition, Tim-3 is upregulated on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and coblockade of Tim-3 and immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as PD-1, is currently being investigated in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer9.
Putative ligand on resting CD4+ lymphocytes
May play a role in the development of immune responses and the development of Th1-mediated responses
NCBI Gene Bank ID
References & Citations
1. Monney, L. et al. (2002)Nature 415, 536–541.
2. Gao, X. et al. (2012) PLOS ONE 7, e30676.
3. Anderson, A. C. et al. (2007) Science 318, 1141–1143.
4. Ndhlovu, L. C. et al. (2012) Blood 119, 3734–3743.
5. Phong, B. L. et al. J. (2015) Exp. Med. 212, 2289–2304.
6. Li, X. et al. (2010) Clin. Immunol. 134, 169–177.
7. Sanchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4, 1093–1101.
8. Zhu C, et al.. Nature Immunology. 2005;6:1245–1252.