Recombinant SARS-CoV-2, Trimeric Spike (S) Protein

Home/Recombinant Proteins, SARS-CoV-2/Recombinant SARS-CoV-2, Trimeric Spike (S) Protein

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2, Trimeric Spike (S) Protein

Product No.: S848

Product. No.S848
Alternate Names
Spike Protein, S Protein, Trimeric Spike Protein, Trimer
Product Type
Recombinant Protein
Expression Host
HEK-293 Cells

Product Size



Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is an enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus that belongs to the Coronaviridae family 1. The SARS-CoV-2 genome, which shares 79.6% identity with SARS-CoV, encodes four essential structural proteins: the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M), and nucleocapsid protein (N) 2. The S protein is a transmembrane, homotrimeric, class I fusion glycoprotein that mediates viral attachment, fusion, and entry into host cells 3. Each ~180 kDa monomer contains two functional subunits, S1 (~700 a.a) and S2 (~600 a.a), that mediate viral attachment and membrane fusion, respectively. S1 contains two major domains, the N-terminal (NTD) and C-terminal domains (CTD). The CTD contains the receptor-binding domain (RBD), which binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor on host cells 3-5. Although both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 bind the ACE2 receptor, the RBDs only share ~73% amino acid identity, and the SARS-CoV-2 RBD binds with a higher affinity compared to SARS-CoV 3, 6. The RBD is dynamic and undergoes hinge-like conformational changes, referred to as the “down” or “up” conformations, which hide or expose the receptor-binding motifs, respectively 7. Following receptor binding, S1 destabilizes, and TMPRSS2 cleaves S2, which undergoes a pre- to post-fusion conformation transition, allowing for membrane fusion 8, 9. The S protein has been the main focus of therapeutic and vaccine design as it is highly immunogenic. Both neutralizing antibodies 10,11 and memory T cells 12,13 targeting the S protein are present in the sera of convalescent COVID-19 patients.

Protein Details

Purified No Carrier Protein
>95% by SDS Page
Endotoxin Level